STEP: Between Transforming and Forming The beginning of the twentieth century was a period of intense and heroic struggle against colonialism. The revolutionary spirit of modernity found its expressions in scientific and technical, social and political, as well as aesthetic fields. The prospects of having a national statehood as an indisputable opportunity for bringing to life the ideals of modern age inspired into struggle many nations who had been subjected and exploited for centuries by empires of medieval hierarchical structures. After the loss of statehood, for more than a thousand years the Armenian nation and its native land appeared once and again, by cruel imposition of fate, within the peripheral provinces of different empires, usually opposing and fighting with each other. By the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century the Armenian nation, which has passed through greatest sufferings, losses, and tragedies, managed to self-organize and struggle to build a national state with clear aims. Thus, in 1918 the independent Republic of Armenia was declared. By experiencing perhaps the bloodiest losses against colonialism, after surviving the genocide of 1915 and the whole neocolonial luxury and suffering of the postcolonial period, in 1991 the third Republic of Armenia was proclaimed. The exhibition “Step: Between Transforming and Forming” is an attempt to introduce the works of artists who have heroically overcome the neocolonial period heroically or, as it is usually said, works of the generation of independence, who has created a new aesthetic way of thinking. Since the twentieth century, modern art symbolizes the possession of a truly independent state, and it is logical, for which we are very proud, that the Soviet Union’s first modern art museum was opened in 1972 just in Yerevan. Today the contemporary art of Armenia, the same as during the era of the first and second republics, has recorded important and noteworthy achievements. One of the features of the exhibition “Step: Between Transforming and Forming” is the fact that project initiators Ararat Sargsyan and Sargis Hamalbashyan and project curators Arevik Arevshatyan and Arman Grigoryan are also artists participating in the project. This phenomenon starts in contemporary art since the 1980s-1990s and is typical both for Armenia, where contemporary art is still in the stage of institutionalization, as well as for those countries where it has already succeeded in taking roots. The exhibition “Step: Between Transforming and Forming” represents principally the works of artists of the young and middle-age generations, but some works of artists from the 1960s-1970s are also included in order to present the course of development of artistic expressions in a more interesting and evident way.